Fuxing passed through Hanzhong in southern Shaanxi surrounded by Qinling Mountains. Photo by Tang Zhenjiang, special correspondent of our newspaper
The majestic Great Qinling Mountain stretches 1600 kilometers from Gansu in the west, Henan and Hubei in the East, Xi’an in the north, Sichuan and Chongqing in the south. Between the green waters and green mountains, one railway artery runs through. Take a train from the ancient city of Xi’an, you can cross the Qinling Mountains to Zuoshui by Xikang railway, you can cross the main peak of Qinling Mountains to Chengdu by Baocheng railway and Xicheng high-speed railway, or you can go west by Zhengxi, Xibao and Baolan high-speed railway. Tourists will always be attracted by the magnificent scenery outside the window. China National Railway Group Co., Ltd. earnestly studies and implements the spirit of the important speech made by General Secretary Xi Jinping during his recent visit to Shaanxi, adheres to the concept of “green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains”, puts the Qinling ecological environment protection work in an important position in the railway operation and construction, actively performs its duties and missions, and serves the economic and social development of Qinba mountain area. In the station area, like taking good care of the ecological environment, in the early morning of April, the k4629 train to Ankang left Xi’an station, along the Xikang railway, through Lintong and Baqiao, from Chang’an District at the north foot of Qinling Mountains, through the Qinling tunnel more than 18 kilometers long, and then entered Yingpan Town, Zhashui County, Shangluo City, at the south foot of Qinling Mountains. The tallest mountain that passengers can see through the window is Niubeiliang, the main peak in the east section of Qinling Mountains. Niubeiliang, with an altitude of 2802 meters, is named for its peak shape like Niubei. It spans the main ridge of Qinling Mountains and contains many rare animal and plant resources. It is a precious genetic database of species. “We work and live in the arms of Qinling Mountains, drink the water in the mountains, breathe the air in the mountains, and eat the black fungus in the mountains. We must bear in mind the general secretary’s entrustment, be a good guardian of Qinling ecology, and rely on the mountains to raise and protect the mountains.” Talking about General Secretary Xi Jinping’s visit to Niubeiliang National Nature Reserve on April 20 to investigate the ecological protection of Qinling Mountains, Cai Hong, deputy chief of the Party member, was still very excited. Since the completion of Xikang railway, Cai Hong, 50, has been working in the first working area of Yingzhen line of Zhashui line workshop of Ankang Public Works section, and his workmates are guarding the 44 km line equipment between Zhashui and Qingcha. Cai Hong told reporters that a few kilometers away from the work area is Niubeiliang National Nature Reserve, which was built in 1982. Since the completion of Xikang railway in 2001, the railway has attached great importance to the protection of Qinling environment, launched the Xikang “civilization demonstration line” project, built garden style work area, farm style vegetable garden, apartment style dormitory, and formed a beautiful railway station area home. Qinling is the most beautiful in Shaanxi and the most dangerous in Shaanxi. Because of its precipitousness, Qinling Mountain has become a natural traffic barrier hindering the economic development of Western China. After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, the Baocheng railway, which was opened to traffic in 1958, has been a “single wooden bridge” for nearly half a century. Until the new century, the first Xikang railway crossing the north and south of Qinling Mountains was built, which made Shaanxi erect the “iron backbone” between the north and the south. The railway opened the north gate to the southwest from Ankang in the south of Shaanxi. In the past 20 years, Cai Hong, together with the staff of the systems such as train service, track service, power supply and electricity service stationed along the railway, has been protecting the safety and smoothness of the main artery and greening and beautifying the working and living environment. They put in domestic garbage at designated points, planted fruit trees in the yard of the work area, opened up vegetable gardens and gardens, and let the railway station area have flowers in spring, shade in summer, fruits in autumn and green in winter. In Shaanxi Province, most of the railways pass through Qinba mountain area, and the railway workers stationed in the station area “love the ecological environment as much as they love their eyes”. With the will and concept of joint action, they cherish the flowers, trees, mountains and waters of Qinling Mountain, and “add bricks and tiles” to guard the ecological environment of Qinling mountain. After careful protection by many parties, now, Qinling Mountain in Shaanxi Province “has a forest coverage rate of 69.65%, a forest reserve of 270 million cubic meters, more than 3840 species of seed plants and more than 580 species of terrestrial vertebrates”, which has become the core of China’s top ecological space. In recent days, Zhashui black fungus from the depth of Qinling Mountains has become a new “net red”. On April 21, 20 million people paid close attention to the live online delivery of goods, 24 tons of Zhashui black fungus were bought out, helping the villagers in the hinterland of Qinba get rid of poverty and become rich. “Like Shangluo City, Mianxian County of Hanzhong city is located in the south of Shaanxi. Mianxian county is in the southwest of Xi’an, Shangluo is in the southeast of Xi’an, and Ankang City is in the middle. Auricularia auricula is one of the main agricultural products to increase the income of the poor people in southern Shaanxi and one of the key agricultural products for poverty alleviation of railway industry. ” Staff introduction of Poverty Alleviation Office of China Railway Xi’an Bureau Group Co., Ltd. Last year, the railway poverty alleviation cadres stationed in Mianxian county came to Zhashui agricultural demonstration park to visit the industrial project of Muer town and learn the cultivation technology of Muer. Nowadays, the black fungus in Mianxian county has become the golden ear for making a fortune. The important speech made by General Secretary Xi Jinping during his visit to Shaanxi Province aroused a warm response among the railway cadres and workers. In particular, the railway poverty alleviation cadres stationed in Qinba mountain area deeply studied and implemented the speech spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s investigation on poverty alleviation in Jinmi village, Xiaoling Town, Zhashui County, Jinping community, Laoxian Town, Pingli County, Ankang City, and Nuwa Fenghuang tea industry modern demonstration park, Jiangjiaping village, in order to “extend the industrial chain, improve the anti risk ability” and “ensure the sustainable and stable income increase of the poor people” ”Try to find a way. Lifting one’s hat from poverty is not the end, but the starting point of a new life and struggle. On February 27 of this year, the incidence of poverty in Mianxian County dropped from 16.9% to 0.78%. Mianxian County withdrew from the poverty-stricken county sequence and successfully lifted its hat from poverty. However, the railway poverty alleviation cadres are still stationed in the villages, working with the villagers and producing together. While guarding the ecology of the “central water tower”, they should open the “small slow train” in Qinling, build the station car agricultural products sales platform, start the return to work special train to developed cities, extend sales contacts on the railway 12306app and the “China Railway Express online shopping mall” e-commerce platform, and develop Auricularia, traditional Chinese medicine So far, 51795 people from 18801 households in Mianxian county have been helped to take off the poverty hat in tourism and other ecological industries. “Mianxian county has been lifted out of poverty, but we still need to” help the local people to get on the horse and give them a ride “so that the people in Qinba mountain area can live a happy new life.” In the five tea processing workshops in piaozogou village, Wu Jiankui, a railway poverty alleviation cadre, carefully checked the tea orders, checked the processing progress, and pondered new ideas for new tea sales. At present, China Railway Group has done a solid job in “six stability” work, fully implemented the task of “six guarantees”, and worked hard to overcome the new challenges faced by winning the battle of poverty alleviation. Together with China Railway Xi’an, Zhengzhou, Lanzhou and other Bureau Group Co., Ltd., it has focused on implementing the measures of poverty alleviation in the normalized epidemic prevention and control, consolidated the achievements of poverty alleviation in Qinba mountain area, and supported by strong poverty alleviation forces The people in Qinba mountain area run for a well-off life. Railway construction, protect the green water and green mountains of Qinling, and promote the civilization. On April 25, in the hinterland of Laoyu, a mountainous area in the Qinling Mountains, more than 400 passengers took g89 train and “boarded” the main peak of Qinling Mountains along the Xicheng high-speed railway. After crossing 110 kilometers of long and dense tunnels, they entered the beautiful “hometown of Zhuyi” in Yangxian county. Under the towering high-speed rail viaduct is the experimental area of Zhuyu National Nature Reserve. As early as the design of xi’an-chengdu high-speed railway, all parties involved in the construction of the railway adhered to the concept of “green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains”. When selecting the line, they avoided the core area of zhu’an habitat, selected the experimental area with the least impact, and passed through it in the form of viaduct, with wide bridge holes under it, allowing birds and other animals to pass freely. “In the process of line selection, design and construction, xi’an-chengdu high-speed railway always adheres to the ecological protection as the leading factor, adopts a series of strict natural protection measures, through underground crossing, improving the height of bridge erection, setting up bird anti-collision net and other measures, to maximize the protection of wild animal habitats such as giant panda, golden monkey, Zhu Yu, antelope and so on.” The staff of xi’an-chengdu Passenger Dedicated Railway Shaanxi Co., Ltd., who is responsible for the construction task, preached. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions and instructions for strengthening the ecological protection of the Qinling Mountains for many times. During his recent visit to Shaanxi, he stressed that “the Qinling Mountains are the central water tower of China, the ancestor of the Chinese nation and an important symbol of Chinese culture” and “protecting the ecological environment of the Qinling Mountains will ensure the long-term prosperity of the Chinese nation and the realization of” two aspects ” It is of great and far-reaching significance to achieve the goal of “one hundred years” and realize sustainable development. Starting from the source of railway construction, China Railway Group takes ecological environment protection as an important consideration when selecting the line, avoiding Qinling nature reserve and water source reserve to the maximum extent, especially when passing through Qinling giant panda habitat and Tianhua Mountain National Nature Reserve experimental area, more than 90% of the line passes through the underground tunnel with the burial depth of 800m to 1000m. According to the staff of xi’an-chengdu Passenger Dedicated Railway Shaanxi company, the railway once entrusted Northwest Institute of endangered animals to carry out a special study on the impact of high-speed railway on zhu’an’s activities and protective measures. After more than one year’s testing, the test sections of four kinds of zhu’an’s protective measures, including transparent protective plate, opaque protective plate, metal welding protective mesh and metal woven protective mesh, were compared, and finally metal braided protective mesh was adopted Weaving flexible protective net is the best measure to protect the safety of Zhuhe. The railway department has installed 33014m protective net in the sections passing through Zhuyu National Nature Reserve, with an additional investment of 35 million yuan. Xicheng high-speed railway is the first high-speed railway in the world to install large-scale bird protection nets. This kind of protective net not only has certain elasticity and expansibility, but also can prevent Zhu Yu from being damaged by collision. Moreover, a striking reflective bar block is used to prevent Zhu Yu from accidentally colliding because he can’t see the protective net. Since the protective net was put into use, there has not been a case of Zhu Zhen hitting the net. In the past, the Qinling Shu Road between Qinling and Shushu was “the plank road connects with the dangerous mountains”; today, the long railway tunnel and the high bridge over Jueling form a major traffic artery leading to Kangzhuang road in the vast west, and continue to write a new chapter to promote the balanced development of western provinces, regions and cities. On April 16, the national development and Reform Commission approved the feasibility study report of xi’an-shiyan high-speed railway project. The high-speed railway, through Shangzhou District of Shangluo City, Shanyang County to Shiyan City of Hubei Province, is connected with Wuhan Shiyan high-speed railway, which will make Lantian, Shangluo, Shanyang, Manchuanguan and other places deep in Qinling Mountains step into the era of high-speed railway. At the same time, Xi’an Ankang, Ankang Hanzhong and other high-speed rail are also in planning and design. These fast roads will vigorously promote the overall poverty alleviation and Rural Revitalization of Qinba mountain area, better support the construction of the “belt and road”, the development of the Yangtze River economic belt and the western development, and promote the economic and social development along the line.